Perception in Designing and Production Instructional Aids: Selection and Organization through Multimedia
Dr. Nidal Zaki Amarin

This article presents a critical review and analysis of key studies that have been done in designing and production instructional aides and other areas on the effects and effectiveness of using multimedia in the learning of scientific-technical content. It also summarizes and reviews those studies that have students design, to express their understandings of the concepts and relationships that are present in the text they read and/or empirical data provided (i.e., student-generated adjunct multimedia productions). In general, the research and theory on instructional aides is fragmented and somewhat unsystematic with several flaws and number of key uncontrolled variables, which actually suppress and mask effects in the studies that have been done. The findings of these studies are compared to relevant literature and empirical research and findings in the areas of cognitive psychology, computer sciences, educational technology, and artificial intelligence that help to clarify many of the inconsistencies, contradictions, and lack of effects found for production instructional aids in educational sciences literature currently and in the past 25 years.

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