Human Trafficking: A Transnational Organized Criminal Activity
Bruce A. Forster

Modern –day slavery, sex trafficking, illegal organ removal, and the use of child soldiers are criminal activities known collectively as Human Trafficking. Such activities may involve the coordinated efforts of three or more individuals to achieve some common benefit, and frequently, these activities involve more than one country. As such human trafficking activity is considered to be a form of transnational organized crime. This paper considers the legal frameworks internationally and in the United States to deal with these criminal activities. The paper discusses some data sets concerning the extent, and nature, of human trafficking activities. The paper notes some significant differences between data sources for some of the measures. Social and/or cultural factors may result in reporting biases in the data sets. Information is presented both for global aggregates and for Africa as a single region where possible.

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