Cultural Olympiad: The Legacy of the Olympic Games Athens 1896, 2004
Panagiota Papanikolaou

This paper examines the institution of the Cultural Olympiad as well as the legacy of the Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 and 2004. The Cultural Olympiad, as an institution, was developed in the context of the Olympic Games and, therefore, expresses the Olympic spirit and the humanitarian values of antiquity, which are briefly explained in the paper. The Olympic Games are connected to a program of cultural activities, which is developed during the four years between the Games. The basic aims of the Cultural Olympiad are to designate values for the development of human relations and also to add a permanent value to the Olympic Ideal. The legacy of the Cultural Olympiad for every Olympic City is a stable spiritual and economic value. The Olympic Games of 1896 contributed significantly to the designation of the Greek cultural legacy, whereas the Cultural Olympiad of 2004 was greatly extended and its cultural program covered the period before, during, and after the Games.

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